6 episodes

A series of conversations between researchers and collaborators about projects taking place at the Centre for the Study of African Economies at the University of Oxford.

CSAE Research Podcasts Oxford University

    • Education

A series of conversations between researchers and collaborators about projects taking place at the Centre for the Study of African Economies at the University of Oxford.

    Applying Wise Interventions around the World

    Applying Wise Interventions around the World

    Dr Greg Walton and Dr Kate Orkin discuss 'wise interventions', and how social science can use this psychologically approach to understand the major problems in social life - poverty, social exclusion, child abuse, and discrimination. One of the key goals of social science is to understand and address the major problems in social life –poverty, social exclusion, child abuse, and discrimination. Different lenses offer different tools. In this podcast, Dr Greg Walton and Dr Kate Orkin discuss a distinctly social-psychological approach, called psychologically “wise” interventions. These interventions precisely address how people make sense of themselves, other people, and social situations. Greg talks about his work synthesizing this field and developing the theory underlying wise interventions. Kate talks about her work as a development economist applying these ideas to low-income settings in Ethiopia and Kenya. Greg and Kate have demonstrated that even brief interventions can have long lasting effects on educational and economic success, as well as on wellbeing, job satisfaction, and community involvement.

    References by speakers:
    • World Development Report 2015: Mind, Society, and Behavior (https://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2015)
    • Wise interventions database (https://www.wiseinterventions.org/), handbook (Walton, G. M., & Crum, A. J. (Eds.). (2020). Handbook of wise interventions. Guilford Publications), and Greg Walton’s work (http://gregorywalton-stanford.weebly.com/)
    • Ethiopia Aspirations study (https://mbrg.bsg.ox.ac.uk/mind-and-behaviour-projects/aspirations-and-forward-looking-behaviour-rural-ethiopia), Kenya Aspirations study (https://mbrg.bsg.ox.ac.uk/mind-and-behaviour-projects/cash-transfers-and-aspirational-videos-kenya) and Kate Orkin’s other work (https://sites.google.com/site/kateorkin/home)
    • Bugental, D. B., Ellerson, P. C., Lin, E. K., Rainey, B., Kokotovic, A., & O'Hara, N. (2002). A cognitive approach to child abuse prevention. Journal of Family Psychology, 16(3), 243. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12238408/
    • Dr Greg Walton in conversation with Professor Anandi Mani at the Blavatnik School of Government https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=phu1yH42jn0&ab_channel=BlavatnikSchoolofGovernment
    • Bossuroy, T., Goldstein, M., Karimou, B., Karlan, D., Kazianga, H., Parienté, W., ... & Wright, K. A. (2022). Tackling psychosocial and capital constraints to alleviate poverty. Nature, 1-7. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-022-04647-8
    • Digital Green, Ethiopia https://www.digitalgreen.org/ethiopia/
    • Paluck, E. L. (2009). Reducing intergroup prejudice and conflict using the media: a field experiment in Rwanda. Journal of personality and social psychology, 96(3), 574. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19254104/
    • Elizabeth Tipton, generalizability research https://www.bethtipton.com/ and the National Study of Learning Mindsets (https://studentexperiencenetwork.org/national-mindset-study/) Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

    • 46 min
    Applying Wise Interventions around the World (Transcript)

    Applying Wise Interventions around the World (Transcript)

    Dr Greg Walton and Dr Kate Orkin discuss 'wise interventions', and how social science can use this psychologically approach to understand the major problems in social life - poverty, social exclusion, child abuse, and discrimination. One of the key goals of social science is to understand and address the major problems in social life –poverty, social exclusion, child abuse, and discrimination. Different lenses offer different tools. In this podcast, Dr Greg Walton and Dr Kate Orkin discuss a distinctly social-psychological approach, called psychologically “wise” interventions. These interventions precisely address how people make sense of themselves, other people, and social situations. Greg talks about his work synthesizing this field and developing the theory underlying wise interventions. Kate talks about her work as a development economist applying these ideas to low-income settings in Ethiopia and Kenya. Greg and Kate have demonstrated that even brief interventions can have long lasting effects on educational and economic success, as well as on wellbeing, job satisfaction, and community involvement.

    References by speakers:
    • World Development Report 2015: Mind, Society, and Behavior (https://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2015)
    • Wise interventions database (https://www.wiseinterventions.org/), handbook (Walton, G. M., & Crum, A. J. (Eds.). (2020). Handbook of wise interventions. Guilford Publications), and Greg Walton’s work (http://gregorywalton-stanford.weebly.com/)
    • Ethiopia Aspirations study (https://mbrg.bsg.ox.ac.uk/mind-and-behaviour-projects/aspirations-and-forward-looking-behaviour-rural-ethiopia), Kenya Aspirations study (https://mbrg.bsg.ox.ac.uk/mind-and-behaviour-projects/cash-transfers-and-aspirational-videos-kenya) and Kate Orkin’s other work (https://sites.google.com/site/kateorkin/home)
    • Bugental, D. B., Ellerson, P. C., Lin, E. K., Rainey, B., Kokotovic, A., & O'Hara, N. (2002). A cognitive approach to child abuse prevention. Journal of Family Psychology, 16(3), 243. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12238408/
    • Dr Greg Walton in conversation with Professor Anandi Mani at the Blavatnik School of Government https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=phu1yH42jn0&ab_channel=BlavatnikSchoolofGovernment
    • Bossuroy, T., Goldstein, M., Karimou, B., Karlan, D., Kazianga, H., Parienté, W., ... & Wright, K. A. (2022). Tackling psychosocial and capital constraints to alleviate poverty. Nature, 1-7. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-022-04647-8
    • Digital Green, Ethiopia https://www.digitalgreen.org/ethiopia/
    • Paluck, E. L. (2009). Reducing intergroup prejudice and conflict using the media: a field experiment in Rwanda. Journal of personality and social psychology, 96(3), 574. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19254104/
    • Elizabeth Tipton, generalizability research https://www.bethtipton.com/ and the National Study of Learning Mindsets (https://studentexperiencenetwork.org/national-mindset-study/) Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

    Strengthening Professionalism and Accountability within the Ghana Police Service using Identity Norms and Narratives

    Strengthening Professionalism and Accountability within the Ghana Police Service using Identity Norms and Narratives

    How do we change a corrupt norm? This project looks to address this question through a policy intervention, working with the Ghana Police Service, to try to change the behaviour of the traffic police through an innovative ethics training programme. One of the important factors that drive successful organisation is the behaviour of the people within that organisation. In many places, corruption has become a norm - a way of life - something that is generally accepted as a behavioural standard, and has long been one of the major obstacles to improving economic efficiency and reducing poverty in developing countries.

    Speakers:
    Donna Harris, Researcher at the University of Oxford; Oana Borcan, Associate Professor in Economics at the University of East Anglia; Bruno Schettini Secretariat for Coordination and Governance of the Heritage of the Union, Ministry of Economy, Danila Serra, Associate Professor in Economics at Texas A&M University; Henry Telli, Country Economist at the International Growth Centre.

    • 38 min
    Urbanisation in China and Africa

    Urbanisation in China and Africa

    Can Africa learn from the Chinese urbanisation project? In the next 30 years, African cities need to make zoom for roughly 500 million more citizens, roughly tripling the current urban population. This offers great opportunities for growth and prosperity, but also significant challenges for public policy. China is the only other place in the world to have experienced a similar urbanisation challenge. This project seeks to understand how the successes and limitations of China’s experience could inform urbanisation challenges currently being faced in Africa and how to design policies that harness the full economic potentials of cities.

    Speaker:
    Astrid Haas (independent urban economist, currently based in Kampala, Uganda)
    Sebastian Kriticos (transport and infrastructure economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development)
    Nicolas Lippolis (PhD Candidate and Research and Policy Officer at the CSAE, Department of Economies).

    • 29 min
    Under the Hood: Randomised Control Trials on Distance Education During Covid-19 in Botswana

    Under the Hood: Randomised Control Trials on Distance Education During Covid-19 in Botswana

    A discussion about some of the first experimental evidence on distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Botswana. The conversation goes under the hood of the randomised control trials to discuss some critical implementation lessons and research insights that don’t always make it into the final academic paper, and what is next on the horizon. The Botswana paper is available here (School’s Out: Experimental Evidence on Limiting Learning Loss Using “Low-Tech” in a Pandemic) and was co-authored by Noam Angrist, Peter Bergman, and Moitshepi Matsheng. The intervention and trial were the product of a collaboration between the Botswana Ministry of Basic Education and Young 1ove, in partnership with CSAE and J-PAL. A series of flexible funders and partners enabled the rapid COVID-19 response and trial in Botswana, including the Mulago Foundation, the Douglas B. Marshall Foundation, J-PAL Post-Primary Education (PPE) Initiative, TaRL Africa, the Global Challenges Research Fund, and Northwestern University’s “economics of nonprofits” class.

    Speakers featured:
    Noam Angrist (Fellow at the CSAE, University of Oxford, and Co-founder of Young 1ove)
    Claire Cullen (Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Young 1ove and University of Oxford)
    Thato Letsomo (Senior Manager for Content and Training, Young 1ove)
    Moitshepi Matsheng (Co-founder and country coordinator Young 1ove, Chairperson Botswana National Youth Council)

    • 35 min
    Asset-based Microfinance for Microenterprises in Pakistan

    Asset-based Microfinance for Microenterprises in Pakistan

    Standard microcredit contracts seem to have modest if any effects on the performance of small firms and no effects on household consumption. Could we construct a better design product to improve on the standard contract? Researchers discuss their project in Pakistan which explores if alternative contracts do better, and what the effects of offering larger financial products are. You can also find out more about the project on the CSAE website: https://www.csae.ox.ac.uk/asset-based-microfinance-for-microenterprises-in-pakistan#/

    Featured speakers:
    Faisal Bari (Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Development and Economic Alternatives, and Lahore University of Management Sciences)
    Kashif Malik (Associate Professor in Economics, Lahore University of Management Sciences)
    Pramila Krishnan (Professor of Development Economics at Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford)
    Muhammad Meki (Departmental Lecturer, Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford)
    Simon Quinn (Deputy Director, CSAE and Associate Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford)

    • 32 min

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