14 episodes

An epic journey to uncover a Holocaust inheritance leads relentlessly to discovering a Nakba inheritance: two catastrophes that are very different, but very connected. Can they both be heard and understood? With personal testimony, letters and memories by those who survived and those who did not, this challenging audio series is dramatised and narrated by broadcaster Mike Joseph.

Read more at https://mikejoseph.wales/keys and hear all episodes at https://balfourproject.org/keys or wherever you get your podcasts.

Keys: A Troubled Inheritance Mike Joseph

    • Society & Culture

An epic journey to uncover a Holocaust inheritance leads relentlessly to discovering a Nakba inheritance: two catastrophes that are very different, but very connected. Can they both be heard and understood? With personal testimony, letters and memories by those who survived and those who did not, this challenging audio series is dramatised and narrated by broadcaster Mike Joseph.

Read more at https://mikejoseph.wales/keys and hear all episodes at https://balfourproject.org/keys or wherever you get your podcasts.

    Escaping Rafah: a Palestinian on the run

    Escaping Rafah: a Palestinian on the run

    Sami abu Salem, fleeing south down Gaza with his family, pursued by the Israeli war machine---bombs, drones, rockets, snipers---finds himself in Rafah. He reports here to Mike Joseph, who is chronicling Sami's plight for the Balfour Project 

    • 14 min
    Keys Gaza Special Reporting Under Fire

    Keys Gaza Special Reporting Under Fire

    Credits



    Reporter Sami Abu Salem

    Presenter Mike Joseph

    Pictures Sami Abu Salem


    Images

    Mike Joseph

    Sami Abu Salem



    Music

    Keys Theme & Variations on a Bach Prelude in B minor - Micha Wink



    PRODUCTION

    Mike Joseph Producer

    Zac Ware Sound Editor

    Pamela Koehne-Drube Audience and Web Advisor

    • 30 min
    S1E10 CAN HOLOCAUST VINDICATE OCCUPATION?

    S1E10 CAN HOLOCAUST VINDICATE OCCUPATION?

    This double episode closes the first season of Keys.



    With the Hamas invasion and massacre of October 7 2023 leading to the 2023 Israel-Gaza War, this episode brings its historical understanding to the cruel events that are unfolding as we work. We reveal that the horror that fills the news every day has its roots deep in the history of Israel-Palestine.



    UN Secretary-General António Guterres reminded the world that “the attacks by Hamas did not happen in a vacuum”. This special episode shows how the deeds and decisions of the past are projected on to the screen of today. If we know our history, can that help us to escape it?



    PLACE NAMES

    When the place names in Keys get confusing, these notes will help.



    Mike’s grandparents came from Galicia, a part of eastern Europe on no modern map. Today some of Galicia is southeast Poland, another part is western Ukraine. Galicia no longer exists.



    In the last century, many of Galicia’s Jews, Ukrainians and Poles also ceased to exist, violently, as their province was repeatedly ruptured by the front lines of two World Wars, genocide and ethnic cleansing.



    Before 1918, Galicia was the Austro-Hungarian Empire’s most eastern province. Its capital was Lemberg (German) = Lwów (Polish) = Lviv (Ukrainian).



    Three names, but one city.



    Further south, Mike’s grandfather grew up in Stanislau (German); left Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1918 for a better life in Germany; deported back to Stanisławów (Polish) in 1938, which became Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1939; killed in Stanislau (German) in 1941.



    Before Mike first visited that city in 1999, the Soviet Union renamed it Ivano-Frankovsk (Russian). Today the place where he found his grandfather’s surviving colleagues and allies is called Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukrainian).



    Five names, but one city.



    Fatima Abu Salem grew up in the thriving Palestinian village of Burayr, at crossroads leading to Gaza, Hebron and Beersheba. Today a few ruins of Burayr are surrounded by the fields of Kibbutz Bro’r Hayyil.



    Two names, but one place.



    Place names matter. How we name places reveals our own histories, identities and yearnings.



    CREDITS for this episode



    Testimony

    Testimony and commentary by Mike Joseph, Asha Phillips



    Interpreters and Translators

    Dina Brandt

    Alex Dunai

    Markus Hartmann

    Burkhardt Kolbmuller

    Svitlana Kovalyk

    Itamar Shapira

    Nadia Slobodyan

    Hannah Kleinfeld

    Atef Alshaer



    Images

    Mike Joseph

    Sami Abu Salem



    Music

    Keys Theme & Variations on a Bach Prelude in B minor - Micha Wink



    Sources

    Eulogy for Ro’i Rothberg by Moshe Dayan, Avnei Derekh, Tel Aviv 1976, p191; q. in Zertal, Idith, Israel’s Holocaust and the Politics of Nationhood, Cambridge University Press 2005, p180



    Universal International News, 6 August 1956, Suez Crisis

    Theodor Meron, A life of learning, American Council of Learned Societies Occasional Paper No 65, Pittsburgh, 9 May 2008. Memorandum by Legal Adviser, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Theodor Meron) to Political Secretary to the Israeli Prime Minister, 18 Sep 1967



    Israeli Kahan Commission Report is main source for the Israel-Falange history. Its Appendix can be accessed at: http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/4887715-Kahan-Commission-Appendix-Complete-English.html



    Ben Gurion, speaking to the Israeli Cabinet, May 24, April 26, May 7, 1953, Israel State Archives; quoted in Tom Segev, A State at Any Cost, 2018, p512

    PRODUCTION

    Mike Joseph Producer

    Zac Ware Sound Editor

    Pamela Koehne-Drube Audience and Web Advisor



    PRESENTERS

    Mike Joseph

    Asha Phillips



    SPEAKERS AND CAST in programme order

    Sami Abu Salem, interviewed by Mike Joseph

    James Stewart voicing Moshe Dayan, Theodor Meron, BBC World Service Newsreader, Baruch Ben Meir

    Rabbi Dr Gerhard Graf voiced by Mark Levene

    Lilli Gold voiced by Christine Willison

    Hoda Khoury, interviewed by Mike Joseph

    Primo Levi voiced by Andrea Brondino

    António Guterres, UN Secretary-Ge

    • 1 hr 1 min
    S1E9 HOW TO BECOME A REFUGEE

    S1E9 HOW TO BECOME A REFUGEE

    How do people become refugees? What’s it like? Mike Joseph’s aunt became a refugee on her 10th birthday. This is the story of comfortable family life transformed in an instant, narrated by the family’s only survivors. Yet even refugees are not the most unfortunate. Some are trapped, unable to escape, awaiting their fate.



    In this epic journey, Mike sets out to uncover his Holocaust inheritance, but is led relentlessly to discovering his Nakba inheritance. It turns out that the two different catastrophes are more connected than he thought possible. In 2023, can both stories be heard and understood?



    With unique personal testimony, recordings, letters and memories by those who survived and those who did not, this challenging audio series is devised, dramatised and narrated by broadcaster Mike Joseph.







    PLACE NAMES

    When the place names in Keys get confusing, these notes will help.



    Mike’s grandparents came from Galicia, a part of eastern Europe on no modern map. Today some of Galicia is southeast Poland, another part is western Ukraine. Galicia no longer exists.



    In the last century, many of Galicia’s Jews, Ukrainians and Poles also ceased to exist, violently, as their province was repeatedly ruptured by the front lines of two World Wars, genocide and ethnic cleansing.



    Before 1918, Galicia was the Austro-Hungarian Empire’s most eastern province. Its capital was Lemberg (German) = Lwów (Polish) = Lviv (Ukrainian).



    Three names, but one city.



    Further south, Mike’s grandfather grew up in Stanislau (German); left Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1918 for a better life in Germany; deported back to Stanisławów (Polish) in 1938, which became Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1939; killed in Stanislau (German) in 1941.



    Before Mike first visited that city in 1999, the Soviet Union renamed it Ivano-Frankovsk (Russian). Today the place where he found his grandfather’s surviving colleagues and allies is called Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukrainian).



    Five names, but one city.



    Fatima Abu Salem grew up in the thriving Palestinian village of Burayr, at crossroads leading to Gaza, Hebron and Beersheba. Today a few ruins of Burayr are surrounded by the fields of Kibbutz Bro’r Hayyil.



    Two names, but one place.



    Place names matter. How we name places reveals our own histories, identities and yearnings.



    CREDITS for this episode



    Testimony

    Testimony and commentary by Mike Joseph, Asha Phillips



    Interpreters and Translators

    Dina Brandt

    Alex Dunai

    Markus Hartmann

    Burkhardt Kolbmuller

    Svitlana Kovalyk

    Itamar Shapira

    Nadia Slobodyan

    Hannah Kleinfeld

    Atef Alshaer



    Images

    Mike Joseph

    Sami Abu Salem



    Music

    Keys Theme & Variations on a Bach Prelude in B minor - Micha Wink



    PRODUCTION

    Mike Joseph Producer

    Zac Ware Sound Editor

    Pamela Koehne-Drube Audience and Web Advisor



    PRESENTERS

    Mike Joseph

    Asha Phillips



    SPEAKERS AND CAST in programme order

    Lilli Gold interviewed by USC Shoah Foundation, © 1998 USC Shoah Foundation. From the archive of USC Shoah Foundation – The Institute for Visual History and Education http://sfi.usc.edu/

    Peter Kirsten as Leipzig policeman

    Rosa Gold interviewed by Mike Joseph

    George May as Israel Gold

    • 38 min
    S1E8 2nd CLASS IN POLAND, 1st CLASS IN PALESTINE

    S1E8 2nd CLASS IN POLAND, 1st CLASS IN PALESTINE

    In 1938 Britain and the USA call an international conference to rescue Jewish refugees from Hitler. The world refuses to open its doors, a humanitarian disaster that clears the way for Hitler’s Final Solution. But astonishingly, Zionists attending the conference see this as an achievement. How could that be?



    Episode 8 of KEYS: A Troubled Inheritance released on 25 October 2023, and now available on all platforms.





    In this epic journey, Mike sets out to uncover his Holocaust inheritance, but is led relentlessly to discovering his Nakba inheritance. It turns out that the two different catastrophes are more connected than he thought possible. In 2023, can both stories be heard and understood?



    With unique personal testimony, recordings, letters and memories by those who survived and those who did not, this challenging audio series is devised, dramatised and narrated by broadcaster Mike Joseph.





    PLACE NAMES

    When the place names in Keys get confusing, these notes will help.



    Mike’s grandparents came from Galicia, a part of eastern Europe on no modern map. Today some of Galicia is southeast Poland, another part is western Ukraine. Galicia no longer exists.



    In the last century, many of Galicia’s Jews, Ukrainians and Poles also ceased to exist, violently, as their province was repeatedly ruptured by the front lines of two World Wars, genocide and ethnic cleansing.



    Before 1918, Galicia was the Austro-Hungarian Empire’s most eastern province. Its capital was Lemberg (German) = Lwów (Polish) = Lviv (Ukrainian).



    Three names, but one city.



    Further south, Mike’s grandfather grew up in Stanislau (German); left Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1918 for a better life in Germany; deported back to Stanisławów (Polish) in 1938, which became Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1939; killed in Stanislau (German) in 1941.



    Before Mike first visited that city in 1999, the Soviet Union renamed it Ivano-Frankovsk (Russian). Today the place where he found his grandfather’s surviving colleagues and allies is called Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukrainian).



    Five names, but one city.



    Fatima Abu Salem grew up in the thriving Palestinian village of Burayr, at crossroads leading to Gaza, Hebron and Beersheba. Today a few ruins of Burayr are surrounded by the fields of Kibbutz Bro’r Hayyil.



    Two names, but one place.



    Place names matter. How we name places reveals our own histories, identities and yearnings.



    CREDITS for this episode



    Testimony

    Testimony and commentary by Mike Joseph, Asha Phillips



    Interpreters and Translators

    Dina Brandt

    Alex Dunai

    Markus Hartmann

    Burkhardt Kolbmuller

    Svitlana Kovalyk

    Itamar Shapira

    Nadia Slobodyan

    Hannah Kleinfeld

    Atef Alshaer



    Images

    Mike Joseph

    Sami Abu Salem



    Music

    Keys Theme & Variations on a Bach Prelude in B minor - Micha Wink



    PRODUCTION

    Mike Joseph Producer

    Zac Ware Sound Editor

    Pamela Koehne-Drube Audience and Web Advisor



    PRESENTERS

    Mike Joseph

    Asha Phillips



    SPEAKERS AND CAST in programme order

    James Stewart as Joseph Goebbels and voice of Der Stürmer

    George May as Israel Gold

    Lilli Gold interviewed by USC Shoah Foundation, © 1998 USC Shoah Foundation. From the archive of USC Shoah Foundation – The Institute for Visual History and Education http://sfi.usc.edu/

    Andrea Brondino as Monsignor Giuseppe di Meglio

    Richard Tebboth as David Ben Gurion

    Rosa Gold interviewed by Mike Joseph

    Alice Gold as young Lilli Gold

    Mick Napier as Henryk Ehrlich

    Peter Kirsten as Leipzig policeman

    • 28 min
    S1E7 BRITAIN BOOSTS ZIONISM

    S1E7 BRITAIN BOOSTS ZIONISM

    In Episode 7, when Nazi Germany excludes Jews from citizenship, Israel Gold, Mike Joseph’s grandfather, is forced to consider emigrating to Palestine. He learns Hebrew and Arabic, because his kind of Zionism seeks a bi-national state of all its inhabitants. But in 1937, the British Government reveals a different plan: a Jewish state, with its native Palestinian population removed by force. How will Zionism react, and what will Israel Gold do?

    In this epic journey, Mike sets out to uncover his Holocaust inheritance, but is led relentlessly to discovering his Nakba inheritance. It turns out that the two different catastrophes are more connected than he thought possible. In 2023, can both stories be heard and understood?

    With unique personal testimony, recordings, letters and memories by those who survived and those who did not, this challenging audio series is devised, dramatised and narrated by broadcaster Mike Joseph.



    PLACE NAMES

    When the place names in Keys get confusing, these notes will help.

    Mike’s grandparents came from Galicia, a part of eastern Europe on no modern map. Today some of Galicia is southeast Poland, another part is western Ukraine. Galicia no longer exists.

    In the last century, many of Galicia’s Jews, Ukrainians and Poles also ceased to exist, violently, as their province was repeatedly ruptured by the front lines of two World Wars, genocide and ethnic cleansing.

    Before 1918, Galicia was the Austro-Hungarian Empire’s most eastern province. Its capital was Lemberg (German) = Lwów (Polish) = Lviv (Ukrainian).

    Three names, but one city.

    Further south, Mike’s grandfather grew up in Stanislau (German); left Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1918 for a better life in Germany; deported back to Stanisławów (Polish) in 1938, which became Stanislaviv (Ukrainian) in 1939; killed in Stanislau (German) in 1941.

    Before Mike first visited that city in 1999, the Soviet Union renamed it Ivano-Frankovsk (Russian). Today the place where he found his grandfather’s surviving colleagues and allies is called Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukrainian).

    Five names, but one city.

    Fatima Abu Salem grew up in the thriving Palestinian village of Burayr, at crossroads leading to Gaza, Hebron and Beersheba. Today a few ruins of Burayr are surrounded by the fields of kibbutz Bro’r Hayyil.

    Two names, but one place.

    Place names matter. How we name places reveals our own histories, identities and yearnings.

    CREDITS for this episode

    Testimony

    Testimony and commentary by Mike Joseph, Asha Phillips

    Interpreters and Translators

    Dina Brandt

    Alex Dunai

    Markus Hartmann

    Burkhardt Kolbmuller

    Svitlana Kovalyk

    Itamar Shapira

    Nadia Slobodyan

    Hannah Kleinfeld

    Atef Alshaer



    Images

    Mike Joseph

    Sami Abu Salem



    Music

    Keys Theme & Variations on a Bach Prelude in B minor - Micha Wink

    Ba’a M’nucha, Nathan Alterman & Kurt Weill - Gail Stewart soprano, Mike Joseph piano



    PRODUCTION

    Mike Joseph Producer

    Zac Ware Sound Editor

    Pamela Koehne-Drube Audience and Web Advisor



    PRESENTERS

    Mike Joseph

    Asha Phillips



    SPEAKERS AND CAST in programme order

    Lilli Gold interviewed by USC Shoah Foundation, © 1998 USC Shoah Foundation. From the archive of USC Shoah Foundation – The Institute for Visual History and Education http://sfi.usc.edu/

    George May as Israel Gold

    Rosa Gold interviewed by Mike Joseph

    Richard Tebboth as David Ben Gurion

    • 28 min

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