Dr Alice Evans and leading experts discuss growth, governance, & gender inequalities.
Alice is a Lecturer at King's College London, and Faculty Associate at the Harvard Kennedy School.
Will the BJP save Muslim women?
Indian Muslims have always been free to apply their own personal laws - concerning marriage, divorce and inheritance. Congress upheld legal pluralism, so as not to aggravate the minority. Modi has no such reservations. He is pursuing a Uniform Civil Code, and presents this as a victory for Muslim women. He's probably right. A UCC would improve gender equality - if women can claim their equal rights. To do so, they need economic autonomy and public safety.
Full list of references: https://www.draliceevans.com/post/will-the-bjp-save-muslim-women
Did Irrigation Entrench the Patriarchy?
In a fascinating new paper, Per Fredriksson and Satyendra Gupta find that areas with low irrigation potential have higher female labour force participation and female property rights.
Elsewhere, men cooperated between close kin, battled against outsiders for control over valuable irrigation, captured the gains of greater productivity, developed tight bonds of kinship, while women stayed at home.
These irrigation societies also tended to become authoritarian, which constrains feminist activism.
Blog with pictures of irrigation systems: https://www.draliceevans.com/post/did-irrigation-entrench-the-patriarchy
Why Do Gender Inequalities Persist? The Importance of Beliefs!
Gender inequalities can persist alongside economic development.
This is partly due to gender beliefs.
Seldom seeing egalitarian alternatives or successful resistance, women may internalise their subordination and reluctantly comply with a seemingly unchangeable status quo.
What Thwarts Feminist Activism in the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia?
Across the world, women have agitated for greater rights, freedoms, and protections, but with differing degrees of success. In some countries, feminist activists have mobilised widespread dissent, secured legal reforms, and pressed for enforcement. Elsewhere, they have been marginalised and maligned. What explains this international heterogeneity?
Women are much more likely to collectively criticise unfair practices and organise for reform if they have economic autonomy, move freely in their communities, broaden their horizons through city-living, and become emboldened through civic resistance. Without these preconditions, feminist movements fail to take off.
Warning: this is a very depressing post.
It pinpoints obstacles in the Middle East, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia. These include powerful religious authorities, underdevelopment, and female seclusion.
To read more on this, check out the references on my blog: https://www.draliceevans.com/post/what-thwarts-feminist-activism
Why is Feminist Activism Thriving in Latin America?
Argentina has just legalised abortion - thanks to relentless feminist activism.
Latin America can now boast rapid social change: with rising female employment, soaring representation (outpacing Europe), protections for domestic workers, and ginormous rallies against sexist violence. This sharply contrasts with entrenched patriarchy in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia.
What is different about Latin America? I would stress relatively weak constraints on women's mobility, economic development and democratisation. These deep roots and disruptors create a fertile environment for sustained mobilisation.
This is the audio version of my latest blog. It draws on a wealth of brilliant scholarship. Click here for the bibliography: https://www.draliceevans.com/post/why-is-feminist-activism-thriving-in-latin-america
Why are North & South India so Different on Gender?
Everyone knows that Southern and Northern India are very different in culture, language, and socio-economic development. But the most dramatic regional disparity may be in gender relations. Why is this?
Is it due to..
Conquests and purdah
Ancestral crop yields?
If you would rather read than listen, the blog is here:
Customer ReviewsSee All
Great podcast for economists/economic historians
I really enjoy the podcast! I think it fills a hole in the overall podcast landscape.
Only one complaint: I would love to see you guys link to every paper you guys mention throughout so that the audience can look at them as well. Otherwise wonderful podcast!
interesting podcast, well presented
My only complaint is that the speakers microphone often clips when she gets loud and the dynamic range in general can make it hard to set my headphones to the right volume.