19 episodes

Mind-Body Solution presents enlightening discourse with the world’s leading experts in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, linguistics, AI, and beyond. A function of this podcast is to show just how difficult — intellectually and practically — the mind-body problem is. It will change the way you think about the mind-body dichotomy by taking an in-depth philosophical probe into the nature of reality, morality, spirituality, consciousness, free will, and much more.

Listen anywhere you get your podcasts, and join Dr Tevin Naidu on a quest to conquer the mind-body problem and take one step closer to the mind-body solution.

WATCH: https://youtube.com/c/MindBodySolution

Mind-Body Solution with Dr Tevin Naidu Dr Tevin Naidu

    • Society & Culture
    • 5.0 • 9 Ratings

Mind-Body Solution presents enlightening discourse with the world’s leading experts in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, linguistics, AI, and beyond. A function of this podcast is to show just how difficult — intellectually and practically — the mind-body problem is. It will change the way you think about the mind-body dichotomy by taking an in-depth philosophical probe into the nature of reality, morality, spirituality, consciousness, free will, and much more.

Listen anywhere you get your podcasts, and join Dr Tevin Naidu on a quest to conquer the mind-body problem and take one step closer to the mind-body solution.

WATCH: https://youtube.com/c/MindBodySolution

    Helen Steward: Metaphysics of Free Will, Libertarianism, & Determinisms' Incompatibility with Agency

    Helen Steward: Metaphysics of Free Will, Libertarianism, & Determinisms' Incompatibility with Agency

    WATCH: https://youtu.be/z431zDCh4TE

    Helen Steward is Professor of Philosophy of Mind and Action at the University of Leeds. Her interests include the metaphysics and ontology of mind and agency; the free will problem; the relation between humans and animals; and the philosophy of causation and explanation. She joined the University of Leeds in 2007, having previously been a Tutorial Fellow at Balliol College, Oxford for 14 years. She obtained a D.Phil. from Oxford University in 1992, a B.Phil. in 1988 and a BA in philosophy, politics and economics in 1986. In February 2015 she was awarded a Research Leadership Fellowship by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Helen argues that determinism is incompatible with agency itself - not only the special human variety of agency, but also powers which can be accorded to animal agents. She offers a distinctive, non-dualistic version of libertarianism, rooted in a conception of what biological forms of organisation might make possible in the way of freedom.

    CONNECT:
    - Website: https://tevinnaidu.com
    - Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
    - LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

    TIMESTAMPS:
    (0:00) - Introduction
    (1:22) - Choices, actions & agency
    (6:30) - Evolutionary advantage of biological agency
    (9:33) - Problem with Determinism
    (14:48) - Compatibilism (Daniel Dennett)
    (18:05) - Hard Incompatibilism & Luck (Derk Pereboom, Gregg Caruso)
    (22:44) - Secular libertarianism vs non-secular (Robert Kane)
    (28:19) - Consciousness (Thomas Nagel, Daniel Dennett)
    (37:16) - Role of language in free will
    (39:38) - Libertarianism arguments & counter-arguments
    (49:40) - Implications of neuroscience (Uri Maoz, Benjamin Libet etc.)
    (52:03) - Helen's philosopher/scientist recommendations
    (55:55) - Conclusion

    • 57 min
    Mark Solms: The Source of Consciousness, Brainstem & Affect, Homeostasis & Variational Free Energy

    Mark Solms: The Source of Consciousness, Brainstem & Affect, Homeostasis & Variational Free Energy

    WATCH: https://youtu.be/qqM76ZHIR-o

    Professor Mark Solms has spent his entire career investigating the mysteries of consciousness. Best known for identifying the brain mechanisms of dreaming and for bringing psychoanalytic insights into modern neuroscience, he is director of Neuropsychology in the Neuroscience Institute of the University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital (Departments of Psychology and Neurology), an Honorary Lecturer in Neurosurgery at the Royal London Hospital School of Medicine, an Honorary Fellow of the American College of Psychiatrists, and the President of the South African Psychoanalytical Association.

    CONNECT:
    - Website: https://tevinnaidu.com
    - Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
    - LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

    TIMESTAMPS:
    (0:00) - Introduction
    (0:20) - Why is it "something it is like" to be me?
    (10:07) - Mark's theory of consciousness (Affect & Feelings)
    (16:19) - The Hard Problem
    (26:30) - The difference between consciousness & intelligence
    (30:35) - Why the "ancient brain" is a better place to start regarding understanding consciousness (brainstem vs cortex)
    (42:14) - The brainstem is the source of consciousness
    (46:44) - More evidence for non-cortical consciousness theories
    (54:11) - The "level of consciousness" vs "contents of consciousness" dichotomy
    (1:02:39) - How Mark's work on homeostasis links with Karl Friston's minimising free energy principle to help formulate a theory of consciousness
    (1:11:21) - Mark's views on other theories of consciousness (e.g. Pansychism, Idealism etc.)
    (1:30:16) - What do we do with the limited information we have about matter and reality?
    (1:37:40) - Why do we keep searching for "Truth" in a Universe that may never provide us with an answer?
    (1:43:11) - Mark's religious/spiritual beliefs and how he approaches the "deeper questions"
    (1:49:57) - Conclusion

    • 1 hr 50 min
    Noam Chomsky: The Mind-Body Problem, The Hard Problem of Consciousness & The Problem w/ Materialism

    Noam Chomsky: The Mind-Body Problem, The Hard Problem of Consciousness & The Problem w/ Materialism

    WATCH: https://youtu.be/PSLlW58OZoI

    Noam Chomsky is one of the most cited scholars in modern history. He is a linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historical essayist, social critic, and political activist. Known as "the father of modern linguistics", Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy and one of the founders of the field of cognitive science. He is a Laureate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Arizona and an Institute Professor Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and is the author of more than 150 books and well over 400 articles in major publications.

    EPISODE LINKS:
    - Noam's Website: https://chomsky.info/
    - Noam's Books: https://www.amazon.com/Noam-Chomsky/e/B000AP81EC
    - Noam's Publications: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=rbgNVw0AAAAJ&hl=en
    - Noam's Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noam_Chomsky

    CONNECT:
    - Website: https://tevinnaidu.com
    - Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
    - LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

    TIMESTAMPS:
    (0:00) - Introduction
    (0:10) - A philosophical history of the Mind-Body Problem
    (4:09) - Distinction between physical explanations & mathematical models
    (8:22) - Change of Science's course over time
    (10:54) - "The Hard Problem"
    (13:09) - The problem with materialism
    (18:39) - Can we explain consciousness & why are we trying so hard?
    (23:35) - What is inaccessible to consciousness?
    (28:45) - Differences in language & its implications on the transmission of information
    (31:33) - Why do many conclude consciousness is an ethereal entity or part of a spiritual realm?
    (34:20) - How to find inspiration in this complex Universe?
    (36:23) - Free Will

    ***Unfortunately I lost over an hour worth of content with Noam due to technical difficulties. We've scheduled another interview soon. Thank you for listening and apologies for the abrupt ending!***

    • 37 min
    Iain McGilchrist: Matter & Consciousness as Relational, a Divided Brain, & Our Connection to Nature

    Iain McGilchrist: Matter & Consciousness as Relational, a Divided Brain, & Our Connection to Nature

    WATCH: https://youtu.be/2UEXDs4mouU

    Iain McGilchrist is a Consultant Emeritus of the Bethlem and Maudsley Hospital, London, a former research Fellow in Neuroimaging at Johns Hopkins University Medical School, Baltimore, a former Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, an Associate Fellow of Green Templeton College, Oxford, a Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, and a former Fellow of the Institute of Advanced Studies in Stellenbosch. Some of his many books include "The Master and his Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World" (2009), The Divided Brain and the Search for Meaning; Why Are We So Unhappy? (2012), and "The Matter with Things: Our Brains, Our Delusions and the Unmaking of the World" (2021).

    EPISODE LINKS:
    - Iain's Website: https://channelmcgilchrist.com/
    - Iain's Books: https://www.amazon.com/Iain-McGilchrist/e/B09LD9RHQG%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share
    - Iain's Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/DrIainMcGilchrist/
    - Iain's Twitter: https://twitter.com/dr_mcgilchrist
    - RSA Animation: https://youtu.be/dFs9WO2B8uI

    CONNECT:
    - Website: https://tevinnaidu.com
    - Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
    - LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

    TIMESTAMPS:
    (0:00) - Introduction
    (0:30) - Consciousness
    (8:06) - The Hard Problem
    (11:40) - The divided brain
    (27:47) - Theories of consciousness
    (30:45) - Relationships as fundamental
    (36:27) - Embodied & embedded cognition
    (40:02) - Phenomenology & psychopathology
    (57:54) - V.S. Ramachandran's "Devil's Advocate" & Daniel Kahneman's "System 1 & 2"
    (1:05:10) - Ethical, political, moral implications
    (1:21:13) - Limits of language
    (1:35:10) - Iain's response to objections to his views
    (1:41:44) - Religion, spirituality, meaning & purpose
    (1:51:32) - Iain's author recommendations
    (1:57:26) - Conclusion

    • 1 hr 58 min
    Donald Hoffman: Conscious Realism, Evolution, Interface Theory of Perception, Reality & Veridicality

    Donald Hoffman: Conscious Realism, Evolution, Interface Theory of Perception, Reality & Veridicality

    WATCH: https://youtu.be/M5Hz1giUUT8

    Donald Hoffman is Professor Emeritus of Cognitive Sciences at the University of California, Irvine. He received his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is an author of over 120 scientific papers and three books, including “The Case Against Reality: Why Evolution Hid the Truth from Our Eyes.” (2019). He has a TED Talk titled “Do We See Reality as It Is?".

    EPISODE LINKS:
    - Donald's Website: https://www.cogsci.uci.edu/~ddhoff/
    - Donald's Books: https://www.amazon.com/Donald-D.-Hoffman/e/B001HPIWAW%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share
    - Donald's Publications: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=G99fnUgAAAAJ&hl=en
    - Donald's TED Talk: https://youtu.be/oYp5XuGYqqY

    CONNECT:
    - Website: https://tevinnaidu.com
    - Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
    - LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

    TIMESTAMPS:
    (0:00) - Introduction
    (0:35) - Psychophysics
    (05:56) - Evolution & veridical reality
    (10:21) - Fitness payoff functions & homomorphisms
    (20:27) - Space-Time does not exist
    (32:24) - Take it (Space-Time) seriously, not literally
    (42:20) - Interface theory of perception (ITP)
    (49:08) - Conscious realism & Conscious Agents (CA) theory
    (58:00) - Morals and meaning-making
    (1:07:06) - Markovian dynamics, entropy & time
    (1:10:53) - Karl Friston's minimizing free energy principle
    (1:14:34) - Universal Darwinism & Markovian kernal universality
    (1:19:19) - Gödel's incompleteness theorems
    (1:26:21) - The notion of life, the self & neuroscience
    (1:36:03) - Donald's author/philosopher recommendations
    (1:42:50) - Response to other counter-arguments & misconceptions
    (1:54:13) - Donald's views on religion/spirituality & its relationship with science/mathematics
    (2:02:39) - Conclusion

    • 2 hr 4 min
    Michael Levin: Bioelectrical Networks, Cellular Intelligence, Xenobots, Morphogenesis & Regeneration

    Michael Levin: Bioelectrical Networks, Cellular Intelligence, Xenobots, Morphogenesis & Regeneration

    WATCH: https://youtu.be/v6gp-ORTBlU

    Michael Levin is a Distinguished Professor in the Biology department at Tufts University. He holds the Vannevar Bush endowed Chair and serves as director of the Allen Discovery Center at Tufts and the Tufts Center for Regenerative and Developmental Biology. He attended Tufts University, interested in artificial intelligence and unconventional computation. To explore the algorithms by which the biological world implemented complex adaptive behavior, he got dual B.S. degrees, in CS and in Biology and then received a PhD from Harvard University. He did post-doctoral training at Harvard, where he began to uncover a new bioelectric language by which cells coordinate their activity during embryogenesis.

    EPISODE LINKS:
    - Mike's Website: https://wyss.harvard.edu/team/associate-faculty/michael-levin-ph-d/
    - Mike's Twitter: https://twitter.com/drmichaellevin
    - Mike's Publications: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=luouyakAAAAJ&hl=en
    - Mike's Lab: https://ase.tufts.edu/biology/labs/levin/
    - TED: https://youtu.be/XheAMrS8Q1c

    CONNECT:
    - Website: https://tevinnaidu.com
    - Instagram: https://instagram.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Facebook: https://facebook.com/drtevinnaidu
    - Twitter: https://twitter.com/drtevinnaidu
    - LinkedIn: https://linkedin.com/in/drtevinnaidu

    TIMESTAMPS:
    (0:00) - Introduction
    (0:37) - How Mike's work changed biology
    (2:59) - Electrical signals as information carriers
    (5:16) - Defining intelligence
    (12:30) - Evolution of AI
    (17:26) - "Artificial" vs "natural" intelligence
    (20:19) - Developmental psychology & AI
    (21:37) - Animals, cyborgs & hybrids of intelligence
    (26:49) - Morphogenetics, embryogenesis, cellular intelligence & basal cognition
    (33:05) - Benefits of bioelectric communication
    (42:04) - Histological communication differences
    (46:04) - DNA as hardware & electrical signals as software
    (57:09) - Practical implications
    (1:03:41) - Xenobots (proto-animals)
    (1:10:22) - Regenerative medicine
    (1:15:11) - Conclusion

    • 1 hr 16 min

Customer Reviews

5.0 out of 5
9 Ratings

9 Ratings

JerryEjaiwo ,

Great listen

From one South African to another, thanks for the interesting conversations

Migal the workaholic ,

Worthwhile listening

I'm very fussy when it comes to podcasts and can honestly say the quality of the content is great and the pace, tone and flow are perfect. Very informative and relevant. Definitely worthwhile investing the time to listen.

lerouxbotha ,

Informative and fascinating

Dr Tevin’s insight into the psyche of modern concerns and topics are fascinating. If you are interested in subjects that are topical with a philosophical and psychological insight, this podcast is for you.

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